The current (2012) Members of SESAME are Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Israel, Jordan, Pakistan, the Palestinian Authority, and Turkey.
Current Observers (2012) are France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Portugal, Russian Federation, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America.
Observers have no duties and their role is more that of an advisory one. They nonetheless have some privileges, for example, they may submit proposals for discussion at Council sessions, their nationals may hold staff positions at SESAME and, whenever possible, invitations to tender for the purchase of equipment and supplies is limited to manufacturers and contractors located within the territories of Members and Observers.
Each Member and Observer may have up to two Delegates serving on the SESAME Council, ideally one representing his/her Governmental Authorities and the second representing national scientific interests. Both delegates are nominated by their Governmental Authorities. They may be accompanied to Council meetings by up to two Advisers.
How to become a Member/Observer is explained in this web site.